I-8 The author of this book, the young Spinoza, lived in turbulent times. . Europe was torn by civil and religious strife: church bullies, bigots and pseudo-prophets vied for the ear of a fearful people, and while the voices of reason were already audible, the crackling of the burning faggots under the feet of whimpering victims was gruesomely louder. I-9 Spinoza's youth was dedicated to study of the hebrew scrip- turesthe torah, talmud, and Cabbalah. Preparing for a rabbinical Important career, he spent his nights in the perusal of early wisdom literature, but in the days following he was a horrified witness to the religious savagery of his period with all its bestial implements of torture and auto-da-fé. i-10 Priestly pretensions drove him from the dogmas ; and man's inhumanity to man, from society. . When he was only twenty-four, he withdrew into himself.
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While he was shunned by some of the fanatical elements among his coreligionists, whom he never deserted, he was also incessantly maligned and private abused by leaders of his Christian contemporaries. Only an early death saved him from severe examin- ation at their hands. i-4 It is not surprising to note Spinoza closing this page 2 little book on g-d with an admonition to his student readers to exercise great Mark Twain's " Little Story " caution in discussion of its theories. I-5 Spinoza's reputation was most seriously damaged during his lifetime. . For a hundred years after his death Christian philosophers as well as theologians reacted to "that man of the Hague" with derogation or silence. The shining era of 18th century enlightenment opened its heart to the forgotten recluse. As the decades went by, and reason succeeded in lifting the leaden curtains of prejudice and superstition, the great and very great began in increasing numbers to pay homage to the philosophers' philosopher. . Spinoza is con- sidered today the Philosopher of Modern Times, as Aristotle stood as the Philosopher of Antiquity. i-6 Still, Spinoza is the best known and least read of the great thinkers. I-7 The small book before us, rarely mentioned in early literature, about 1858 came to light only a hundred years ago in two slightly varying Dutch manuscripts entitled: Korte Verhandeling van God, den Mensch, en deszelfs Welstand Short treatise of God, man, and his beatitude. It is unevenly written within the framework of a logico-mathematical thesis, through page 3 which, ever so often, breaks the benign light of incomparable wisdom.
On True knowledge Chapter. On thesis the Immortality of the soul Chapter. On g-d's love of Man Chapter. On devils Omitted. Xxii ; I have added it from. On True freedom Page 1 Runes's Introduction a word to the reader i-1 our sages say that the good Lord devised a way of keeping the unprepared from entering terra sancta he placed before it an enticing anteroom. . Thus, astronomy has its astrology; religion its Idolatry theology; history its mythology; mysticism its superstition; philosophy its mathematical byplay. I-2 Many of the casual readers of Spinoza become so involved with his geometrical prolegomena that they never reach the wide-open plains of the grandiose simplicity of his thoughts. Spinozistic Ideas i-3 Spinoza's use of the mathematical shield as well as the termin - ology of an already obsolete scho lastic ism was based on good and valid reasons. .
On Derision and Jesting Chapter. On thesis Glory and Shame Chapter. On Gratitude Chapter. On Grief Chapter. On the True and the false Chapter. On the will Chapter. On Will and Desire Chapter. On Our Happiness Chapter. On reason Chapter.
The good in Man Chapter. On love chapter. On Hate Chapter. On joy and Sorrow Chapter. On Esteem and Contempt, Etc. On Hope and fear Chapter. On Remorse and Repentance Chapter.
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The wolf text was originally pub- lished in 1910 by Adam and Charles Black, of London. No part of this work may be reprinted without written authorization. runes english ' table of Contents of book xxii compare with Wolf's Chapter . Introduction word to the reader Chapter . G-d exists Chapter . On divine Providence Chapter . On Natura naturans Chapter .
On Natura naturata Chapter . What good and evil Are Chapter . G-d and Man Chapter . On Opinion, belief, and Knowledge Chapter . On Passion Chapter .
G-d is a synthesis of god(s) and God. See dialectics and Holidays. Paradoxically, spinoza's g-d has much in common with the pagan gods. Spinoza treats all things as Holy and as organically interdependent ; whereas the pagan treats things as independent separates- standing alone. The cash value of Spinoza's hypothesis of ' g-d ' is that it establishes the logic for the golden Rule. The importance of Spinoza's hypothesis ' g-d ' is that it posits all as one interdependent organism and gives the logic for the golden Rule.
make my following emendations throughout the work: soul, vital spirits change to mind, thought, life, or consciousness. Partake of the work (and my comments) as you would a pomegranate relish the flesh and spit-out the pits things out-of-date; things you disagree with; and things incomprehensible. For less commentary and a format suitable for e-book conversion see the Essay. Copyright, 1958, by Philosophical Library, inc., 15 East 40th Street, new York 16,. The present edition is based on the text Spinoza's Short Treatise on God, man and His Well-being, translated. Wolf from the dutch Korte verhandeling van God, den Mensch, en deszelfs Welstand. Revisions were made, consulting both available dutch versions.
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I have made the following changes. Wolf 's spellings ( not consistently ) of God essay to reflect, in my opinion, Spinoza's 1D6 ; his working hypothesis of g-d : god(s) polytheistic; Pagan, idolatry, myth. God monotheistic; Judaeo-christian-Islamic, Anthropomorphic, transcendent God. Durant5 re-interpret all anthropomorphisms in accordance with ttp1:3:13. G - d or g - d monotheistic; Spinoza's Immanent, Indwelling g-d / Nature. Durant task spelling not consistently james Hall:51 'g-d' and 'nature' are interchangeable. Spinoza's Religion 'g-d' and ' nature ' are interchangeable. Pantheism The above stages show the constant evolution of Religion 's hypotheses.
These translations more closely follow the Spinoza's Latin manuscript of " Short Treatise on God, man, and His Well-being " than that in Note. Mbols: commentary by translator,. A wolf, i conjecture; there is no note to that effect. curley's book viii translation variance or footnote, wolf's commentary from book xxiii commentary by joseph. Yesselman All comments in right-hand margin are.
I conjecture that, runes heavily edited, wolf's translation for it differs (briefer and rearranged) from the short version given. Compare runes' and Wolf's ". i express my appreciation to Philosophical Library, inc., who published ". The book of God" in 1958. I have not been able to find them to ask for permission to scan the book. I assume it is in the public domain. For the full version. Short Treatise translation, see terry neff's Web Site.
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Short Treatise on g-d, man, and His Well-being. Short Treatise on, g-d, man and his well-being. Benedict de Spinoza, history of the short treatise, notes. Table of Contents, glossary and Index, spinozistic dom Ideas, mark Twain and Spinoza, notes by jby:. . The text was taken from book. Page numbers given below (except for the. Commentaries from, book xxiii ) refer. . The frontispiece of the book is shown below. The translation of the st was.