Software attacks These may include viruses, worms, malware, spyware, key loggers, and botnets. Forces of nature This factor may include natural calamities, fire, earthquakes, floods, and political violence. Technology obsolescence This is the use of outdated systems and software as mechanisms of security in rit. Suppliers and distributors in the market The fluctuation of assets in the economy may fail to provide the assets the company needs, thus creating scarcity of raw materials rit uses. Quality of service providers This may arise because of loss of power or network connectivity due to the network providers failure. Potential Vulnerabilities These are the circumstances where a chief information security officer identifies the loopholes in the organization. Vulnerability is a term that means weaknesses in the system that intruders exploit to cause security breaches such as harm or loss of data.
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The collected information about the threats should be studied and analyzed to determine the likelihood of affecting the organizations information. The following information represents various threats than can be applicable to rits environment. Threats examples software failure system crashes, program bugs, executing programs (viruses logic resources. Hardware failure power loss, damage of equipment, resource sharing problems, system crashes. Human error This might occur because of the users mistakes, administrators failures, disgruntled mba employees, repudiation, phishing attacks, ignoring security policies, lack of inadequate training, and external factors such as competitors. Unauthorized access of the information These intruders spy for confidential information,. They may track the traffic in kabaddi the network. Spoofing and phishing are the methods used to access the organizations information Concerns on intellectual property network administrators errors, hacking sites and databases. Information extortion Blackmailing a person to access unauthorized information. Theft This is a situation when an individual steals the organizations information. The intention is commonly to harm the organization, reveal its privacy.
Identification of Threats This is the third step where we identify the potential paper threats. Rit may be facing a wide range of threats. The company should be aware of the potential threats that may be affecting its operations, such as viruses and dishonest employees. As a chief information security officer in the organization, one my main concerns would be to determine the susceptibility of its assets. As we have seen earlier, there exist many ways through which the threats can penetrate the organization. To counter these threats, we have to be up-to-date in the field of information security, technology and business. Threats can bring a lot of challenges to rits information security. As an expert, one of the main things to do is to conduct an information technology audit, which is investigating rits vulnerabilities. Once we identify the weaknesses, we have to search for measures that could protect the organizations information (Minoli kouns, 2010).
Additionally, it helps in establishing risks tolerance levels and applying the resulting guidelines to rank rips assets. The table below describes the protection measure implemented in order assignments to ensure that rips information is protected properly. Types of Threats Control Protection measures of the number of people who like to use a particular protection measure of rips assets Explanation A logical control measure Use of passwords 100 This is the evidence that a large number of people (both employees and students). Examples of information students access through passwords include e-mail addresses and other accounts. Logical dessay Media backup.9 This shows that rips stakeholders also prefer backing up the companys assets. Logical Virus protection software.9 The use of antivirus programs would protect the safe use of rips assets. Logical Use of firewall The use of firewall to monitor information traffic is an effective and efficient method for protecting the organizations assets.
The table below describes the classification of rips information assets. Classification Information Assets Private Examples of these information assets include social security numbers, bank account number, revenue authority pins, electronic transaction passwords and national identification number. Confidential This is the information that should be known by the owner only. Such data may include information concerning marital status, health information of the University employees and students, third party information among others. Internal rit possesses internal assets such as business associates, daily operations of the organization, and library information. Public These assets may include external websites and devices in the display such as videos, journals, periodicals, newspapers and magazines. Prioritizing of Assets The term prioritizing of assets refers to a series of steps which are used in tailoring consistent initiatives in any business environment. This method helps organizations to create procedures that define the probability and consequences of assets.
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Sensitive third party data. This is the information protected by non-disclosure agreements or private contractors. Classification of Assets, once one identifies the assets, they must be classified into various categories. These assets could be classified as private, internal, essay confidential australia and public data. Private assets are defined as information that is used by criminals and intruders to compromise someones identity. Such information may include a persons bank account number, social security number, individual taxpayer identity, and driving license number and revenue authority pin.
Confidential information includes data restricted basing on their importance. Confidential information may include personal employees payment details, students payment details, and the institutions financial information among others. Nevertheless, internal assets refer to specific information in the rips community such as staffs, students, alumni, vendors, volunteer and other business associates. Public information is the information that the organization does not restrict access. It is the information that can be accessed by any person without restriction.
Members of the organization, administration, staff, students, outsourced personnel, visitors among others. End-users, employees, staff, students, and people who are going to maintain the system,. They oversee the systems operations. Procedures, operational procedures and internal security. Information and business standards and policies, educational procedures, as well as business sensitive information and technology. Data, information or data.
Personal data records from the staffs, students or faculty members. Such data include students personal information, students identification information, employees identification data, universitys identification numbers, and education records such as the available books the institution possesses. Research documents, this is pre-written information of the organization; it emerges when a research is conducted or during the intellectual property protection process. This is crucial information; it comprises technology system information, system passwords, information security plans, contingency plans among others. Financial data, this is rips financial information; it includes financial information like bank account numbers, credit or debit card numbers and pci cardholder data. Rits owned information, this is any information that is available without any restrictions. This information may come from the institution sites, information media, maps calendar, plans and the institution manuals. Internally produced data, these data include internally sent e-mails and correspondences.
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Laser printers, web servers, database servers such as donation Apache, routing equipments such as routers and gateways, network cables. We can also include physical security measures such as building strong computer labs. Examples of administrative security measures include setting up standards and policies that any person has to obey. Networking, this includes networking devices, infrastructure and applications. Routers, hubs, switches, communication cables or lines, wireless access points, firewall, network management software, gateways. Various network equipment and software. People, this includes system users, system analysts, stakeholders, system developers, it experts, system managers and system administrators.
The table below derives the facts from the statements above. Information Technology components, risk management Components. Assets, example, software, software, logical control measures, operating system, system applications,. Microsoft Office, devices drivers, business software such as enterprise resource planning (erp utilities inbuilt in the system, security software such as firewall. Windows operating system, sound drivers, graphic drivers among others. This includes both physical and administrative security measures and standards. Printers, workstations, servers, computer labs, terminals, servers, disk drives, connection cables, monitor and system units.
Identification of Assets, the first step rit should conduct is to identify the possible risks. This involves defining certain information and data that are of importance in its operation. It is crucial to identify the assets that need protection, and the procedure that we should follow when protecting rits information assets. Rits information assets may include resident communication, which is the information stored in the network, as well as rits personal information, which is found in the digital assets such as hard disks. Other rits information assets include their personal information assets (Dhillon, 2001). As a chief information security officer (ciso) of rits, we would classify the information assets as software and hardware, data or information, people, applications and procedures or instructions. . When we talk about people as information assets, we mean system users, system administrators, stakeholders, system analysts, system managers, system developers among others. These people may or may not be affiliated with rit and have access to its resources, assets and information (Engineers board, 2010).
As a result, such actions would lead to a negative reputation of an organization or a business enterprise. To counter the risk of threats, we and will focus on best practices of identifying threats, weaknesses, and the recommended measures of limiting their intrusion. The first thing is to identify the information assets of rit,. The assets of the institution through the process of self-evaluation. This helps to classify the information assets into several meaningful groups and prioritize them basing on their significance in the institution. Nevertheless, it will help us to identify intrusion that surrounds these assets and the impact they have on the organization. Therefore, we will be able to derive comprehensive practices and standards that can help counter these risks. . Various procedures should be followed to ensure that there is threat-free environment in rit (Raggad, 2010).
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Risk Assessment: Preventing paper foodborne Illness foodSafety. Introduction, first, this paper will discuss the difference between the terms risk assessment and risk identification. Risk assessment is the operation of identifying the positive and negative risks that influence the process of achieving a goal. Risk assessment refers to gauging the collected risks both quantitatively and qualitatively. Therefore, the key difference between these two terms is that risk assessment comes after risk identification. . This report will determine and explain rits risks by classifying its information assets and investigating the various threats and their weaknesses. These vices will be discussed in details later in the report (Whitman mattord, 2004). Rit is a successful intellectual and non-intellectual asset; this makes it an attractive target for a wide collection of attacks. The main objective of the intruders or the attackers is to cause harm, reveal privacy, misuse important information or steal ideas.